Uttar Pradesh Content Booklet – PCS Mains 2022

Dear Aspirant,

Uttar Pradesh Mains syllabus related booklet has been shared covering syllabus of GS 1, 2 & 3.

Table of content has been shared below:

Contents
General Studies –……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7
Historical Perspective……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7
Prehistory ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
Ancient History ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
Vedic Era ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8
Mahajanapada Era ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
The Post Aryan Age & Maurya Period…………………………………………………………………………….. 9
Jainism ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
The Age of Buddha ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
The Middle Age of Synthesis ………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
The Gupta Age ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Later Guptas ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
Delhi Sultanate ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
Modern History and British Rule:………………………………………………………………………………….. 14
Major activities of “Revolutionary Movement” during the freedom struggle in Uttar Pradesh ……… 15
U.P. in Post-Independence Years: ………………………………………………………………………………… 16
Architecture, Art and Craft …………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
Awadh Architecture ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19
Shirqi Architecture (Jaunpur Sultanate) ………………………………………………………………………… 20
Literature & Regional Languages …………………………………………………………………………………. 21
Classical Singing /Playing ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
Classical dance ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
Folk dance …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
Charkula Dance: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
Folk Drama: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
Nautanki: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
Raslila: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 26
Folk Song: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27
Important Fairs & Festivals ………………………………………………………………………………………… 28
Folk Languages ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28
Tribes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29
Festivals ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31
Painting & Rock Painting …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 32
Crafts ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
Metal Ware ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
Pottery ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
Terracotta …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33
Jewellery …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
Perfumery …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 34
Social Customs in Uttar Pradesh ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 34
Tourism in Uttar Pradesh ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
Agra ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35
Mathura ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 35
Vrindavan ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35
Varanasi…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35
Sarnath ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
Ayodhya ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
Kapilvastu ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
Allahabad ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
Chitrakoot …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36
Lucknow ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Kushinagar …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37

Almora…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37

The Corbett National Park …………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Tourist Circuit ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………… 38
Wild life/ Ecotourism Sites in Uttar Pradesh ………………………………………………………………….. 38
Hidden Treasures of Uttar pradesh …………………………………………………………………………….. 39
Geography ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
Human and Natural Resources ………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
Location and Landform (Physiography) ……………………………………………………………………….. 41
Siwalik Hills and Terai Region ……………………………………………………………………………………..41
Gangetic Plains: …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
Vindhya Range And Plateau Region: ………………………………………………………………………….. 42
Climate ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
Rainfall ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
River System ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 44
Lakes in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 48
Dams and Reservoirs in Uttar Pradesh ………………………………………………………………………… 49
Soils ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50
Forests and Wildlife (Flora and Fauna) ………………………………………………………………………… 52
Indian Forest Status Report of Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………….. 52
Flora of Uttar Pradesh …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54
Important schemes related to forests …………………………………………………………………………. 55
District Sector Scheme ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
Fauna of Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 57
Ramsar Sites in Uttar Pradesh …………………………………………………………………………………… 62
Minerals found in Uttar Pradesh …………………………………………………………………………………. 64
Sources of Irrigation (Water Resources) ………………………………………………………………………. 65
Dams and Reservoirs in Uttar Pradesh …………………………………………………………………………. 66
Milestones of Irrigation Department, U.P. ……………………………………………………………………… 67
Population Explosion in Uttar Pradesh ………………………………………………………………………….. 70
Regional Disparity in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………………………… 71
General Studies –II …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
Polity …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74
Governor ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
Council of Ministers …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 74
Vidhan Sabha ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75
Vidhan Parishad ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 75
House Committees ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 76
The Secretariat ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
Judiciary ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76
Lok Ayukt ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 77
Divisional Administration ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 78
District administration ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 78
Tehsil …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79
BLOCK …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 79
PANCHAYATS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 79
MUNICIPAL AND CIVIC SYSTEM ………………………………………………………………………………… 79
Democratice Decentralisation ……………………………………………………………………………………. 79
Urban Local Bodi…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80
Panchayati Raj Of Uttar Pradesh Introduction…………………………………………………………………. 81
e-Governance Initiatives Taken by the Uttar Pradesh Government ……………………………………… 84
Importance of Boundary of Nepal adjoining Uttar Pradesh in India-Nepal Relations ……………….. 86
Border Dispute Between India and Nepal …………………………………………………………………….. 86
Challenges of Internal Security in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………. 89
Non-Conventional and Non Military Threats in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………. 90
Disaster Management in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………………….. 91
General Studies –III ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 92
Overview of UP Economy………………………………………………………………………………………….. 92
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 92
POVERTY………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 92
Challenges: …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 92
Severity of Situation: ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 93
Reasons for such a high mortality Rate: ……………………………………………………………………….. 93
Unemployment in U.P.: …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 93
Reasons: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 93
Factors: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 94
Basic Characteristics and Constraints …………………………………………………………………………… 94
Overall State’s Economy …………………………………………………………………………………………… 97
Uttar Pradesh Budget (2022-23) Summary…………………………………………………………………….. 97
Capital which includes ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 98
Agriculture in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………………………………… 100
Issues and Solutions in Horticulture …………………………………………………………………………… 104
Animal Husbandry …………………………………………………………………………………………………. 105
Industry ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 108
List of Major Industrial Centers/Districts of Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………….. 110
Major factors driving industrial Growth in U.P.: …………………………………………………………….. 111
Infrastructure and Physical Resources ……………………………………………………………………….. 111
Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote Uttar Pradesh as an investment destination are: ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 113
Minerals and Heavy Industries……………………………………………………………………………………………. 115
Power Generation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 116
Human Resources and Skill Development ……………………………………………………………………………. 118
Research institutes ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 120
Institutes of National Importance ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 121
Universities …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122
Private Universities …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 126
Educational Regulatory Authorities …………………………………………………………………………………….. 126
Government Programs and Welfare Schemes………………………………………………………………………….. 127
UP Free Education Scheme 2022 ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 127
Workers’ Children Scheme…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 128
The Scholarship Scheme ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 128
School Development Scheme …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 128
Suryamitra Yojana – Employment Via UPNEDA …………………………………………………………………….. 131
Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P. ………………………………………………… 140
Current situation of law and order in Uttar Pradesh ……………………………………………………………… 141
Civil defense …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 142
Role of Civil Defence volunteers during Covid 19: ………………………………………………………………………… 142

 

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